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Offline Support

Working with the Realtime Data in offline environments.

The Realtime Database provides support for offline environments. By default, data will be stored locally on your device and automatically managed by the Firebase SDKs.

Enabling Persistence

Persistence is automatically enabled by default when using Realtime Database, however it can be disabled. To enable persistence, call the setPersistenceEnabled as early on in your application code as possible:

// index.js
import { AppRegistry } from 'react-native';
import database from '@react-native-firebase/database';

database()
  .setPersistenceEnabled(true)
  .then(() => console.log('Realtime Database persistence enabled'));

AppRegistry.registerComponent('app', () => App);

Going offline

The API provides a goOffline method to force the Realtime Database SDK to go offline, which can be useful for testing.

import database from '@react-native-firebase/database';

await database().goOffline();

Once offline, all operations will continue to execute, instead using a local instance of your database to perform writes to. For example, we write to a record which has a listener whilst offline allowing the listener to be called with the updated data:

import React, { useEffect } from 'react';
import database from '@react-native-firebase/database';

function App() {
  useEffect(() => {
    const userAgeRef = database().ref('/users/123/age');

    userAgeRef.on('value', snapshot => {
      console.log('Users age: ', snapshot.val());
    });

    database()
      .goOffline()
      .then(() => {
        return userRef.set(32);
      })
      .then(() => {
        console.log('User updated whilst offline.');
      });
  }, []);
}

The above code will first execute the on listener with data from the remote database.

Once offline, the set method on the reference node will locally be set to a new value.

The on listener however will now subscribe to the local database and provide the new value.

This provides the ability to write code which works in both an online and offline environment without worrying about data synchronization.

Going online

The goOnline method re-connects the Realtime Database with the remote database. Any locally written changes performed whilst offline will be automatically synchronized with the remote database.

import database from '@react-native-firebase/database';

await database().goOnline();

Local persistence size

By default Firebase Database will use up to 10MB of disk space to cache data. If the cache grows beyond this size, Firebase Database will start removing data that hasn't been recently used. If you find that your application caches too little or too much data, call the setPersistenceCacheSizeBytes method to update the default cache size:

import database from '@react-native-firebase/database';

await database().setPersistenceCacheSizeBytes(2000000); // 2MB